27 May 2015
Brides of India in Traditional Costumes 30.12.1980
A bride anywhere in the world signals joy. However, in India particularly she is welcomed asSaubhagyavati: "The fortunate one", the harbinger of auspiciousness into the home. The traditional bride fulfils the promise of her community and is in turn fulfilled by it. While she epitomises the cultural style of her community, the means by which she is decorated depend heavily on the skill of local vraft traditiona. For once the age-old art traditions. For once the age-old art of adornment walks hand-in-hand with a traditional socio-economic wisdom and the skills of generations of anonymous jewellers, weavers and other silent workmen.
The four stamps on this FDC depict Indian brides in their traditional finery from Kashmir, Bengal, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. (Photos by O.P. Sharma, S.J. Singh, Chitrangad Sharma). The first day cover shows a traditional wedding ceremony from Manipur (Photo by courtesy of Government of Manipur). The cancellation design carries drawing of a bride in a Palanquin.
(Below left Re1.00) With Bengal, we are in the tropies: the bridal crest, a finely fretted ith tiara (of the kind that is further elaborated for pratimas of Durga). The bride's brocaded sari is traditionally Banarasi. The accent falls noticeably through graceful loops and arabesques from crest through curve of chain and pendant at hairline to the dedicate "creeper" painted in sandal-paste to emphasise the bhru-lata of her brows and recalling ritual alpana. With loops of fresh jasmine and rose about her neck, wrists, with gems at her throat and her ear-lobes shielded by disks of finely-wrought gold, hers is the delicate curvilinear style by which Bengal is known.
(Top right Re1.00) Rajasthan: A blaze of colour and strength of form characterise the desert dwelling Rajputs. The curve upon curve of beaten silver haslis this bride wears about her throat with heavy silver chains and their pendant rings complements the textural interest of the tie-dye odani that circles her head in red, turmeric-yellow and gleaming gota. The curve of nath from nose to ear enhances the curve of her cheek, echosed by the looped chain at hairline that suspends her bor. Cones of pendant silver drop from her ears, balancing the straight glance, the bindu and the rounded chin. Visual drama is balanced with a fineness of detailing that comes from centuries of courtly tradition and recalls the Mewari school of Rajput painting.
(Top left Re1.00) Tamilnadu: A certain classical vigour and tension distinguishes Tamil cultural expression. Notice the rythemic effect of this bride's gold and gem-studded decoration. This comes from an effectively repeated motif : the mango, symbol of fruitfulness, from the border of her Kanchipuram silk to her necklet. Her long hair is thickly twined with gold thread and jasmine buds, whose close-hudded form is repeated in the ornament that binds her brows, defines her parting, dropping to a pendant. This is echoed by her ear pendants anf the jewels of her nose. This sense of symmetryis further underlined by the symbolic sun and moon ornamets to left and right of the parting in her hair. These, and the studded armlets recall the classificism of bharatnatyam and the formal discipline of temple bronzes.
(Below right Re1.00) Kashmir: Her bridal dupatta, fringed with gold thread and sequins, frames the bride's head ornament, plaques of beaten and incised silver, the pendanents of which fall low across the brow.The deliberate framing effect of her jewellery continuous through the sequinned hoops rimming her ears to the deep drops from their lobes. These effectively throw her bridal face into relief as they droop to meet the richly embroidered ornamentation of her dark loose-fitting choga. THe sense of drama to this traditional arrangements lies in the intricaterly worked silver so controlled and distributed as to indicate the personality of the bride.