16 January 2017
The International Year of Crystallography (abbreviation:
IYCr2014) is an event promoted in the year 2014 by the United Nations to celebrate the centenary of the discovery of X-ray crystallography and to emphasise the global importance of crystallography in human life.
UNESCO and the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr) are responsible for this event.
The opening ceremony of the International Year of Crystallography was held in Paris on 20 and 21 January 2014. Many activities will follow to celebrate the International Year of Crystallography all over the world.
15 January 2017
Food Corporation of India was set up on 14 January 1965 having its first District Office at Thanjavur - rice bowl of Tamil Nadu - and headquarters at Delhi under the Food Corporations Act 1964 to implement the following objectives of the National Food Policy :
1. Effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers
2. Distribution of foodgrains throughout the country for Public Distribution System.
3. Maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of foodgrains to ensure National Food Security.
4. Regulate market price to provide foodgrains to consumers at a reliable price.
14 January 2017
In the Mahabharata, Ekalavya was the son of Hiranyadhanus, who was King Jarasandha's army commander and leader of the Nishadhas. He approached Dronacharya to teach him the arts of war, especially archery. Deeply hurt by Drona's rejection, Ekalavya didn't give up his ardent desire to master archery. He once stayed hidden in the forest while guru Drona was teaching the Kaurava and Pandava brothers, after they left for the ashram, Ekalavya collected the mud on which Drona walked, as a symbolic gesture of wanting to follow his foot-steps. Later he went into the forest and made a statue of Drona under a tree. He began a disciplined program of self-study over many years. Eventually, Ekalavya became an archer of exceptional prowess, greater than Drona's best pupil, Arjuna. He accepted the statue as his guru and practiced in front of it every single day.
One day when Drona and his students were going out into the forest, Arjuna saw a dog that was unable to bark due to an amazing construction of arrows in and all around his mouth. This construction was harmless to the dog, but prevented the dog from barking. Drona was amazed, but also distressed: he had promised Arjuna that he would make him the greatest archer in the world. Drona and his students investigated, and came upon Ekalavya. Upon seeing Drona,Ekalavya came and bowed before him.
Drona asked Ekalavya where he had learnt archery. Ekalavya replied "under you, Guruji", and showed Drona his statue while explaining what he had done.
Drona then reminded Ekalavya that to truly be Drona's pupil, Ekalavya would have to pay guru dakshina (Offering to ones teacher). Ekalavya offers to do anything for Drona. Drona stoically asks for the thumb from Ekalavya’s right hand. Hesitant at first, Ekalavya cuts off the thumb and presents it to Drona.
Martyr Gulab Singh Lodhi a resident of Unnao, was a freedom fighter shot dead by a British officer in August 1935 when he climbed a tree in the park with the tri-colour flag defying government order. He died at Jhandewala Park in Aminabad, Lucknow.
A statue of him was erected in the park in 2004 but by 2009 was in a state of disrepair.
13 January 2017
Beant Singh (19 February 1922 - 31 August 1995) was a politician and the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1992 to 1995. He was a member of Indian National Congress. He was killed in a car bombing, in retaliation for the alleged human rights violations during the anti-insurgency operations in Punjab.
Beant Singh was assassinated in a bomb blast at the secretariat complex in Chandigarh on August 31, 1995. The blast claimed the lives of 17 others including 3 Indian commandos. Beant Singh was accompanied by his close friend Ranjodh Singh Mann on the day of assassination. Dilawar Singh Jaisinghvala of Babbar Khalsa International acted as the suicide bomber; later, the backup bomber Balwant Singh Rajoana was also convicted for the killing.