26 December 2016
Shivaram Hari Rajguru 22.3.2013
Shivaram Hari Rajguru (24 August 1908 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian revolutionary from M
aharashtra, known mainly for his involvement in the assassination of a British Raj police officer.
Rajguru was born at Khed, near Pune, in what was then British India. He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, who wanted India to be freed from British rule by any means necessary. He believed that ferocity against oppression was far more effective against British rule than the nonviolent civil disobedience preferred by Mahatma Gandhi.
Rajguru became a colleague of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, and took part in the assassination of a British police officer, J. P. Saunders, at Lahore in 1928. Their actions were to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who had died after being hit by police while on a march protesting the Simon Commission.
The three men and 21 other co-conspirators were tried under the provisions of a regulation that was introduced in 1930 specifically for that purpose. All three were convicted of the charges and hanged on 23 March 1931. They were cremated at Hussainiwala on the banks of the Sutlej river in Ferozepur district of Punjab.
His birthplace of Khed has since been renamed as Rajgurunagar in his honour. Rajguru Market, a shopping complex at Hisar, Haryana, was named in his honour in 1953.