12 July 2016

Landmark Bridges in India 17.8.2007

A set of four commemorative postage stamps were issued on the “Landmark Bridges in India”.
While bridges are integral to transportation systems today, some of the bridges synthesizing designing and engineering skills stand as inspiring monuments, and some have acquired iconic and legendary status in the public psyche.
In bringing out a set of four commemorative postage stamps on “Landmark Bridges in India”, the Department of Post has tried to showcase four such bridges in the country. 
Mahatma Gandhi Setu located at Patna, Bihar, is popularly known simply as Ganga Bridge. It stands at the place where Mahatma Gandhi crossed the river to go to Champaran, where he laid foundations of struggle that was to dislodge British, and hence the name.  
Vidyasagar Setu. The modern cable bridge known as Vidyasagar Setu lies across the river Hooghly. Affording a panoramic view of the skyline of Kolkata, it itself contributes to the grandeur of the city’s new skyline. Better known locally as the second Hooghly Bridge, built to provide an additional connector between the twin cities of Kolkata and Howrah. Apart from Howrah Bridge,  
This unique and longest cable stayed bridge, constructed at a cost of Rs. 380 crores, was thrown open to the nation by the Prime Minister of India on 10th October 1992.
Howrah Bridge. The famous Howrah Bridge is one of the best known landmarks of Kolkata, a virtual ‘Gateway of Kolkata’, and an inseparable icon of the city, sharing a totemic relationship with its growth and evolution.
The construction of a new ‘Suspension type balanced Cantilever Bridge’, without any intermediate pier, was conceived after the First World War, by a Committee chaired by the famous Bengali engineer and industrialist Sir T.N Mukherjee  after taking into account the hydraulic factors and the flow pattern of the river. A technological marvel. It was renamed as “Rabindra Setu” on 14th June, 1965, but continues to be referred to as Howrah Bridge in popular lexicon.

Pamban Setu. Opened to traffic in 1914, the Pamban Bridge, also known as the Pamban Viaduct, forms part of the Rameswaram meter gauge section in Madurai division of the Southern Railways. Constructed over 100 to 300 feet wide reef lying submerged between the mainland of India and the Island of Rameswaram, this bridge was built over the Palk Straits to reduce the gap in the rail systems between India and Sri Lanka (then Ceylon). The distance of 36 kms between Dhanushkodi, off Rameswaram Island, and Talaimannar, the railway terminus of Sri Lanka, was linked by ferry service. 

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