31 May 2016
75 years of the Dandi March (Salt Satyagraha).5.4.2005
1882 Salt Act gave the British a monopoly on the collection and manufacture of salt, limiting its handling to government salt depots and levying a salt tax. The Salt Satyagraha was a campaign of nonviolent protest against the British salt tax in colonial India, and it began with the Dandi March on March 12, 1930, and it was an important part of the Indian independence movement which triggered the wider Civil Disobedience Movement. This was the most significant organized challenge to British authority since the Non-cooperation movement of 1920-22, and directly followed the Purna Swaraj (complete independence) declaration of by the Indian National Congress on January 26, 1930.
"Mahatma Gandhi" led the Dandi march from Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad, to the sea coast near the village of Dandi. As he continued on this 24 day, 240 mile (390 km) march to produce salt without paying the tax, growing numbers of Indians joined him along the way. At the conclusion of the march on April 6, 1930, when Gandhi broke the salt laws in Dandi, it sparked large scale acts of civil disobedience against the British Raj salt laws by millions of Indians. Over 80,000 Indians were jailed as a result of the Salt Satyagraha.
This Mini sheet was Issued in 2005 to celebrate 75 years of the Dandi March (Salt Satyagraha).
(Stamps clockwise from top-left): 1- Marchers led by Mahatma Gandhi. 2-Headlines of the "Bombay Chronicle" of March 13, 1930 announces the beginning of the "Great March for Liberty". 3-Lines written by Mahatma Gandhi on April 5, 1930. " I want world sympathy in this battle of Right against the might. 4-Mahatma Gandhi picking up a lump of Salt and the course traversed.