25 June 2015


The stamp is based upon an oil painting (of Siberian Crane at Bharatpur) by Diane Pierce.

Believed to have existed on this planet for over one million years, the Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus) sometimes called 'The Lily Birds' in India and the 'Snow Wreath' in the Soviet Union, is one of the most endangered birds in the World. Of the 15 Crane species left in the world, 5 can be seen in India; the Common Crane, the Delicate Demoiselle Crane, the rare Black necked Crane, the well known non-migratory Indian Sarus and the Siberian. Less than 200 Siberian Cranes, now exist, their number depleted by the disappearance of wetlands in Asia and by hunting. Nesting in the Tundra regions of the arctic in the Soviet Union, a small flock continues to migrate to India flying 6500 kms. to winter in Keoladeo National Park at Bharatpur. The rest migrate to China and Iran. This great white bird with black primary feathers and a striking patch of red on the head, has a wing span, which can exceed 8 feet. With a life span of over 60 years the Siberian pairs for life. At Keoladeo sanctuary the usual family group of two birds and one chick can be seen feeding on sedge tubers, their primary source of food in India.

Scientists and conservationists from 25 countries gathered at the Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur to participate in the International Crane Workshop organised by the Government of Rajasthan, Department of Environment, Government of India, International Council for Bird Preservation and International Crane Foundation to formulate programmes for conservation and research.

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