29 June 2015

50 Years of Kanha National Park 30.5.1983

Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh state in India.

In the 1930s, the present-day Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km² respectively. Kanha National Park was created on 1 June 1955 and in 1973 was made the Kanha Tiger Reserve. Today it stretches over an area of 940 km² in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 km² and the neighboring 110 km² Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve. This makes it the largest National Park in Central India. Kanha Tiger Reserve was ranked in the top 10 Famous Places for Tourists.

The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha (shown on the stamp) and Indian Wild Dog. The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel Jungle Book.
The Swamp Deer is found exclusively in India. In Terai (Uttar Pradesh), Assam and the Sunderbans, the Swamp Deer is distinguished by its splayed hooves and larger skull, hile in the hard open ground of Madhya Pradesh, it has smaller well-knit hooves. The coast of the Swamp Deer, almost ooly in texture, shades from brown to yelloish bron. There is much variation in the form of the antlers. 10 to 14 is the usual number of points of branches of antlers, though there may be as many as 20. Samp Deer has moderate eyesight and hearing power and acute scense of smell. The number of swamp deer is decreasing and it is a protected animal.

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